40 Ghalat Fehmiyan aur unka Khulasa

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Tehreer: Shaikh Maqbool Ahmad Salafi Hafizahullah

Romanised By: Umar Asari​

Social Media par kayi Mahino se ek Post ghoom rahi hai Jis me bataya Gaya hai ke 40 Baton se Ghar me Gurbat (Ghareebi) aati hai. Aaiye ek ek kar ke Un baton ko dekhtey hain ki wo kitni sahih hain:

❶ Ghusl Khaney me Pishaab Karna:

Ghusl khane me peshab karna kaisa hai ?

Hamaam (Ghusl Khaney) me Peshaab karne se Nabi (ﷺ) ne mana farmaya hai magar us waqt ke Hamaam Matti ke hote they aur aaj kal ke Hamaam pakkey hote hain, is liye us me Peshaab karna jayez hai. aur yeh Nabi (ﷺ) ke farmaan me nahi hai ke Hamaam me Peshaab karne se Gurbat (Ghareebi) aati hai, Hazrat Ali (RaziAllahu anhu) ki taraf yeh Qoul (baat) mansoob kiya jata hai magar yeh jhoot hai.

❷ Tooti hui Kanghi (Comb) se Kangha karna:

Kya tooti hui kanghi se kangha karne se ghar me gareebi aati ?

Nabi e Akram (ﷺ) ka Hukm hai: “Jis ke Baal (Hairs) ho woh Unki Izzat karey.” [Abu Dawood: 4163]

Is Hadees se pata chala ke balon ki Zeenat ke liye kanghi karni chahiye. chahe kanghi tooti ho ya saalim ho (tooti hue na ho), agar kaam layeq hai to kanghi kare koi harj nahi hai aur na hi is ke karne se Gareebi aati hai.

❸ Toota Hua Samaan Istemaal Karna:

Kya toote hue Saman ke istemal se Ghar me gharibi aati hai ?

Toota hua samaan kaam ke laiq ho to us ka istemaal jayez hai.

Hazrat Umm e Salamah (RaziAllahu anha) se riwayat hai ke woh Rasool (ﷺ) aur Sahaba (RaziAllahu anhum) ke liye ek chaudey bartan me khana layein. (itne me) Hazrat Aisha (RaziAllahu anha) aa gaien.

Unhon ne Eik chadar ourh rakhi thi aur unke paas ek paththar tha. unhone paththar maar kar bartan tod diya. Nabi e Akram (ﷺ) ne bartan ke dono tukdon ko mila kar rakha aur do baar farmaya: ‘Khao, tumhari maa ko ghairat aagai thi.’ us key baad RasoolAllah (ﷺ) ne Hazrat Aisha (RaziAllahu anha) ka bartan lekar Hazrat Umm e Salma (RaziAllahu anha) ke haan (Ghar, paas) bhej diya aur Hazrat Umm e Salma (RaziAllahu anha) ka (toota hua) bartan Hazrat Aisha (RaziAllahu anha) ko de diya. [Sunan An-Nasai: 3956]
❗Allama Albani Rahimahullah ne Hadees ko Sahih kaha hai. [Sahih Sunan Nasai: 3693]

❹ Ghar me Kooda Karkat (كوڑا کرکٹ) Rakhna:

Kya Ghar me Kuda karkat rakhne se Ghar me garibi aati hai ?

Ghar ka kooda karkat ghar ke kisi kone me jama karne me koi harj nahi hai, jab ziyada ho jaye to phenk den. is me ek ehtiyat yeh hona chahiye ke khane peeney ki bachi hui zayed (zada) cheezen zaya (barbad) na karen balkey kisi ko de den. ghar me kooda rakhney se gareebi aati hai yeh bhi Hazrat Ali (RaziAllahu Anhu) ki taraf mansoob jhooti baat hai.

❺ Rishtedaaron se BadSulooki Karna:

Kya Rishtedaro se baddsulooki se Ghar me garibi aati hai ?

Aisa koi khaas Farmaan e Nabwi (ﷺ) nahi hai ke Rishtedaaron se badsulooki Gurbat ka sabab (reason) hai, lekin bohat saare aisey dalail hain jin se pata chalta hai ke Masiat (nafarmani) aur Gunah ke kaam se Rizq me tangi hoti hai.

❻ Bayen Pair se Pajamah Pehnna:

Kya Baaye Pair (Left Foot) se Pant Paijamah pehan’ne se Ghar me garibi aati hai ?

Mumkin hai ke is se murad ho pajama pahanney me bayen janib se shuru karna. Nabi e Akram (ﷺ) sharf wala kaam dayen se pasand farmatay they, is bina par (is wajah se) dayen janib se pajama pehnna behtar aur mustahab hai jaisa ke Hadees me ye baat maujood hai. [Dekhen: Sahih Bukhari: 168]

Magar kisi ne bayen se pehan liya to koi Masiyat (nafarmaani) nahi hai aur na hi yeh Faqr o Faqa (poverty and starvation) ka sabab banega.

❼ Maghrib aur Isha ke Darmiyan Sona:

Kya Maghrib aur Isha ke darmiyan sone se Ghar me garibi aati hai ?

Maghrib aur Isha ke darmiyan Sona makrooh hai, is ka sabab Isha ki Namaz faut ho jana hai is liye Nabi e Akram (ﷺ) isha sey pehlay sona aur isha ke baad baat karna napasand farmatay they. Jaisa ki Hadees me aaya hai. [Dekhen Bukhari: 568]

Agar koi aadatan (routine ke aitbaar se) nahi zarooratan (zaroorat ki wajah se) kabhi so jaye to woh isha ki namaz aadhi raat se pehlay kabhi bhi parh le.

❽ Mehman Aane par Naraaz hona:

Mehman ki aamad par naraz hone se kya Ghar me garibi aati hai ?

Islam ne Mehmaan ki khatir daari par ubhara hai, lihaza kisi mehman ki aamad par narazgi ka izhaar na karen. Mehman nawazi bahar se aane wale Musafir ke wastey wajib hai aur jo muqeem ho us ki ziyafat Ehsaan o Sulook ke darje me hai. jisne Ziyafat me Ehsaan ko chora us par Gunah nahi magar wajibi ziyafat ko chorney par masiyat (nafarmani) aaeyegi. [Aahadees ke liye dekhen: Sahih Bukhari: 6135 aur 6138]

❾ Aamdani se Ziyada Kharch Karna:

Isey Bewaqoofi, Hamaqat, Nasamjhi aur Faash Galati (Jo Galati Zahir ho) keh Satke Hain.

❿ Daant (Teeth) se Roti Kaat kar Khana:

Daant se roti kaat kar khane se gareebi nahi aati, agar aisa hota to duniya me koi maldaar hi nahi hota kiyun ke danton (tooth) se kaat kar hi log badey hotey hain. roti to haath se bhi todi ja sakti hai magar aisi bhi bohat cheezen hain jinhein aksar daant se hi kaat kar khaya jata hai.

Aaj angrezi style aaya hai aur Dihaton (Villages) me tou nahi Shehron me khaney ke sath chaaqo (knife) rakh detey hain jab ke aaj se pehle yeh tarika nahi chalta tha.

⓫ Chalees Din se Ziyada Naaf ke Neeche ke Baal Rakhna:

Chalees din ke andar Naaf ke neeche ke baal saaf kar lena chahiye kiyun ke RasoolAllah (ﷺ) ne yahi hadd muqarrar ki hai. jaisa ki Sahih Muslim me Hadees hai. (Dekhen: Sahih Muslim: 258). jo is se ziyada takheer (late) karte hain woh Sunnat ki mukhalifat karte hain.

⓬ Daant (Teeth) se Nakhun (Nails) Kaatna:

Islam me kahin danton (tooth) se nakhun kaatne ki momaniyat nahi aayi hai, lekin chunkey Islam sehat ki hifazat par dhiyan dilaata hai is liye agar daant se naakhun kaatney me koi tibbi (medical) nuqsaan ka pehlu nikalta ho tou is se parhaiz kiya jaye (bacha jaye).

Aur agar is me nuqsaan nahi to bhi daant se nakhun kaatna sahih nahi lagta kiyun ke naakhun me gandagi hoti hai aur gandi cheez ko mun se pakadna aur danton se kaatna sahih nahi lagta kyunki naakhun me gandagi hoti hai aur gandi cheez ko mun se pakadna aur danton se kaatna sahih nahi hai, khusoosan (khaas taur se) logon ke samney.

⓭ Khadey Khadey Pajama Pehanna:

Pajama khadey aur padey dono pehan satkey hain, aap ko jismein aasaani ho usey ikhtiyar karen. aur kisi par koi Gunaah koi Faqr (Gareebi, Poverty) nahi Shariat ki janib se.

⓮ Aurton ka khadey Khadey Baal Bandhna:

Yeh koi masla nahi hai. is me ek hi baat ahem hai ke Aurat ajnabi mard ke samne baal na bandhey. baqi woh khadey ho kar, baith kar aur so kar kisi bhi tarah baal bandh sakti hai.

⓯ Phatey hue Kapdey Jism par Seena:

Phatey hue kapdey Jism par hotey hue rafoo karna aasaan ho tou is me koi harj nahi aur utaarney ki zaroorat padey to us soorat me usey utaarna hi hoga.

⓰ Subah Sooraj Niklney tak Sona:

insaan ko chahiye key woh subah saweray beedar ho (uthey), fajr ki namaz parhey aur phir rozi ki talaash mein nikley. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) ka farmaan hai:

مَن صَلَّى الصُّبحَ فَهُوَ فِي ذِمَّةِ اللَّهِ​

Tarjuma: Jis ne Fajr ki Namaz padhi Woh Allah ke Amaan me aa gaya. [Sahih Muslim: 657]

Jo bandah Namaz chor kar rozana takheer (late) se uthey us ki qismat me barbadi hi barbadi hai kiyun ke us ne apne Rab se amaan utha liya, us ke sath kabhi bhi kuch bhi ho sakta hai.

⓱ Darakht ke Neechay Peshaab Karna:

 

Kisi bhi cheez ke saaye (Shadow) me chahe wo darakht ka ho ya kisi aur ka us ke neechey peshaab o pakhanay se mana kiya gaya hai.

Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) ka farmaan hai:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ اتَّقُوا اللَّعَّانَيْنِ.‏ قَالُوا وَمَا اللَّعَّانَانِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ: الَّذِي يَتَخَلَّى فِي طَرِيقِ النَّاسِ أَوْ فِي ظِلِّهِمْ ‏​

Tarjuma: Laanat ka sabab banney wali do baton se bacho, Sahab e Kiram (RaziAllahu anhum) ne poocha: ‘Aye Allah ke Rasool (ﷺ)! lanat ka sabab banney wali wo do (2) batein kounsi hain? Aap (ﷺ) ne farmaya: ‘Ek yeh ke Aadmi logon ke rastey me Qazaye Haajat karey, dusrey yeh ke un ke saaye ki jagah me aisa kare.’ [Sahih Muslim: 269]

“Tabrani” ne “Mo’jam Al Awsat” me phaldar darakht ke neeche Qaza e Haajat ki mumaniyat wali riwayet Zikr ki hai, yeh riwayet Zaeef hai. phaldar darakht, saya wali mazkoorah baala (upar zikr ki gai) Hadees ke zimn me hai kiyunkay aam taur se har darakht ka saya hota hai.

Lekin jo darakht aam ho aur waisey hi bila-zaroorat (bina zaroorat) abadi se door sunsaan (lonesome) jagah pe para ho to us ke neechay Qaza e Haajat me koi harj nahi.

⓲ Bait ul Khala me Baatein karna:

Qaza e Haajat ke waqt baat karna mana hai. Nabi Kareem (ﷺ) ka farmaan hai:

لا يخرجُ الرجلانِ يضربانِ الغائطَ كاشفَينِ عن عوراتِهما يتحدَّثانِ ، فإنَّ اللهَ يمقُتُ على ذلك​

Tarjuma: Do Aadmi Qaza e Haajat karte hue aapas me baatein na kare ke dono ek dourey ke satar (Sharamgaah) ko dekh rahey hon kiyun ke Allah Ta’ala is baat par naraaz hota hai. [Sahih At-Targheeb (Albani): 155]

Yahan sawaal paida hota hai ke ‘Aaj kal Gharon me Hammaam bana hota hai to kya is me baatein karna jayez hai?’

Hadees se to yahi pata chalta hai ke is haalat me kalaam mana hai ke jab do (2) aadmi nange ho kar ek dusrey ko dekhte hue baat kare lekin hammaam me baat karne ki mumaniyat (preclusion) par koi daleel nahi hai. phir bhi behtar surat yahi hai ke hamaam me Qaza e Haajat kartey waqt baat na karen lekin Zaroorat padey ya phir Qaza e Haajat se pehle hamaam me daakhil hote Waqt baat kar sakta hai.

⓳ Ulta Sona:

Pait ke bal Sona napasandeedah aur makrooh amal hai, is ki karahat (Napasandeedgi) ki wujohaat (reasons) me Jahannamiyon ke soney ki mushabihat aur jismani nuqsaan waghera (etc) hain.

Allah Ta’ala ka farmaan hai:

يَوْمَ يُسْحَبُونَ فِي النَّارِ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ ذُوقُوا مَسَّ سَقَرَ​

Tarjuma: Jis din woh apne mun ke bal Aag me ghseetey jayenge (aur un se kaha jayega) Dozakh ki Aag lagney ke mazey chako. [Surah Al-Qamar 54:48]

Nabi e Akram (ﷺ) ne farmaya:

إِنَّ ھٰذِہِ ضِجْعَۃٌ یُبْغِضُھَا اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی یَعْنِی الْاَضْطِجَاعُ عَلَی الْبَطَنِ​

Tarjuma: Yaqeenan is tarah letney ko Allah Ta’ala napasand farmata hai yaani Pait ke bal (ondha) laytna. [Sahih al Jami’(Alabni): 2271]

Al-Iztijao Ala-al-Batan “الاضطجاع علی البطن”:

Yani aise sona ke pait zameen ki taraf aur pusht (back side) upar ki taraf ho. is liye kisi ko pait ke bal nahi sona chahiye magar aisey soney se Ghareebi aati hai is ka koi suboot nahi hai.

⓴ Qabrastaan me Hasna:

Qabrastaan aisi jagah hai jahan jaa kar Aakhirat yaad karni chahiye is liye wahan hasna napasandeedah amal hai. wahan baat karte hue ya yun hi hansi aa gai to is me koi harj nahi, aur is se Rizq par koi asar nahi padega.

21. Peeney ka Paani Raat me Khula Rakhna:

Khanay peeney ka bartan raat me khula rakhney se gurbat nahi aati, albatta sotey waqt un bartano ko dhak de jin me khaney peeney ki cheezein hon. Nabi (ﷺ) ka farmaan hai:

أَطْفِئُوا الْمَصَابِيحَ إِذَا رَقَدْتُمْ، وَغَلِّقُوا الأَبْوَابَ، وَأَوْكُوا الأَسْقِيَةَ، وَخَمِّرُوا الطَّعَامَ وَالشَّرَابَ ـ وَأَحْسِبُهُ قَالَ ـ وَلَوْ بِعُودٍ تَعْرُضُهُ عَلَيْهِ​

Tarjuma: Nabi (ﷺ) ne farmaya: jab soney lago to chairag bujha do, darwazey band kar do, mashkeze (water skins) ka munh bandh do aur khaney peeney ke bartano ko dhaanp do.

Hazrat Jabir (RaziAllahu anhu) ne kaha ke mera khayal hai ke ye bhi kaha khuwah lakdi hi ke zariye se dhak sako jo uski chaudai me Bismiallah keh kar rakh di jaye. [Sahih Bukhari: 5624]

Ek Doosri riwayat Is tarah Hai:

غَطُّوا الإِنَاءَ وَأَوْكُوا السِّقَاءَ فَإِنَّ فِي السَّنَةِ لَيْلَةً يَنْزِلُ فِيهَا وَبَاءٌ لاَ يَمُرُّ بِإِنَاءٍ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ غِطَاءٌ أَوْ سِقَاءٍ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ وِكَاءٌ إِلاَّ نَزَلَ فِيهِ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْوَبَاءِ​

Tarjuma: bartan dhak do, mashkezey (water skins) ka muh band karo, is liye ke saal me ek raat aisi aati hai jis me blaa (pestilence) nazil hoti hai, aur jis cheez ka munh band na ho aur jo bartan dhaka huwa na ho us me yeh waba (pestilence) utar padti hai. [Sahih Muslim: 2014]

Bartan khula chorney se gareebi aney wali baat Shia kutub (books) se manqool (aayi hai) hai, us ki kitaab me likha hai ke bees (20) aadatien aisi hain jin se Rizq me kami aati hai, un me se ek pani ke bartan ka dhakna khula rakhna hai.

[Bihar ul Anwar (Mohammad Baqar Majalsi) Jild: 73, Page: 314 Hadees: 1]

22. Raat me Sawali ko Kuch na Dena:

Yeh baat bhi Shia kutub (books) se aayi hai, aur yeh baat Hazrat Ali (RaziAllahu anhu) ki taraf mansoob ki jati hai jis ki koi haqeeqat nahi.

23. Burey Khayalat karna:

Insan Gunaahon ka putla hai, us se hamesha galati hoti rehti hai. us ke dimagh me burey khayalat aatey rehtey hain. Ek Muslim ka kaam hai ke woh un burey khayalat se Tauba karta rahey aur un par amal karney se bachey. Allah Taala apne bandon pe bohat meharban hai woh bandon ke Dil me paida hone wale burey khayalat pe pakad nahi karta jab tak ke us par amal na karey.

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَجَاوَزَ عَنْ أُمَّتِي مَا حَدَّثَتْ بِهِ أَنْفُسَهَا، مَا لَمْ تَعْمَلْ أَوْ تَتَكَلَّمْ​

Tarjuma: Hazrat Abu Huraira (RaziAllahu anhu) se riwayat hai ke Nabi (ﷺ) ney farmaya : ‘Beshak Allah Ta’ala ne meri Ummat se us waqt tak darguzar (muaf) kar diya hai (us cheez ko) jo uske Dil me (bura) khayaal paida hota hai jab tak key us par amal na kare ya bol na dey. [Sahih Bukhari: 5269 aur Sahih Muslim:127]

Is liye yeh baat kehna galat hai ke burey khayalat se Gareebi aati hai, albatta ek baat yeh kahi ja sakti hai ke burayi aur fehash kaam karney se Gurbat aa sakti hai. Allah Ta’ala ka farmaan hai:

الشَّيْطَانُ يَعِدُكُمُ الْفَقْرَ وَيَأْمُرُكُم بِالْفَحْشَاءِ​

Tarjuma: Shaytaan Tumhein Faqeeri se Dhamkaata hai aur Behayai ka hukm deta hai. [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:268]

24. Baghair Wuzu ke Quran Majeed Parhna:

Afzal yahi hai ke Wuzu kar ke Quran ki tilawat kare lekin bagair Wuzu ke bhi mushaf se tilawat karna jayez hai, is liye yeh baat kehna bilkul galat hai ke baghair wuzu ke Quran majeed parhney se Ghareebi aati hai.

25. Istinja Karte Waqt Batein Karna:

 

Aaj kal gharon me Bait ul Khala baney hotey hain aur aadmi pardey me hota hai, is liye zaroorat ke tehat istinja aur Qaza e Haajat ke waqt kalaam karney mein koi harj nahi hai.

is silsilay me ek Hadees aati hai:

لا يخرجُ الرجلانِ يضربانِ الغائطَ كاشفَينِ عن عوراتِهما يتحدَّثانِ ، فإنَّ اللهَ يمقُتُ على ذلك​

Tarjuma: Do Mardon ke liye ye jayez nahi hai ke wo Bait ul Khala ke liye niklen, to apni apni Sharamgaah khuli rakh kar aapas me baatein karne lagen, kiyunke Allah Ta’ala is baat par Naraaz hota hai. [Sahih At-Targheeb (Albani): 155]

Is Hadees me Qaza e Haajat ke waqt baat karney ki mumaniyat do baton ke sath hai.
Pehli baat: dono baat karney waley aadmi apni Sharmgaah kholey hue hon. Dusri baat: woh dono ek dusrey ko dekh rahey hon.

Yunhi (bina zaroorat) istinja aur Qaza e Haajat ke Waqt baat karna makrooh hai magar zaroorat ke tehat (waqt) baat kar saktey hain.

Sheikh Ibn e Uthaimeen (Rahimahullah) se sawal kiya gaya ke Qaza e Haajat se pehlay hamaam ke andar baat karney ka kya hukm hai?

Tou Shaikh ne jawab diya: is me koi harj nahi hai, khaas taur se us waqt jab koi zaroorat ho, kiyun ke is ki mumaniyat ki koi sarahat (wazahat) nahi hai siwaye is soorat ke jab do aadmi ek dusrey ke paas baith ke pakhana kare aur dono batain kare. aur mujarrad (sirf) Qaza e Haajat wali jagah ke andar se kalaam karney ki mumaniyat nahi hai.

26. Haath Dhoye Baghair Khana Khana:

Khaney se pehlay haath dhona zaoori nahi hai, riwayaat se pata chalta hai ke Nabi (ﷺ) ne haath dhoye baghair bhi khana khaya hai. khana khaney se pehlay haath dhoney wali koi riwayat sahih nahi hai siwaye ek riwayet ke jo nasai me hai.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَنَامَ وَهُوَ جُنُبٌ تَوَضَّأَ وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ غَسَلَ يَدَيْهِ​

Tarjuma: Hazrat Aisha (RaziAllahu anha) se riwayat hai unhon ne bayan kiya ke Rasool’Allah (ﷺ) jab bhi soney ka iradah kartey aur Aap Haalat e Janabat me hotey to wuzu kartey aur jab khaney ka iradah kartey tou apne dono haath dhotey. [Sunan Nasai: 257 aur 258]

❗ Is Hadees ko Sheikh Albani Rahimahullah ne Sahih Qarar diya hai.

Is riwayat me mutlaq haath dhoney ka Zkr nahi hai balkey janabat se mutalliq hai, is liye yeh kaha jayega ke agar haath me Gandagi lagi ho tou khane se pehle haath dho lena chahiye warna zaroorat nahi hai. aur is se mutalliq Gurbat wali baat jhooti hai.

27. Apni Aulaad ko kosna:

 

Aulaad ki Tarbiyat walidain ke zimma hai, Maa Baap bachchon ki tarbiyat ke liye daant satkey hain, kos saktey hain, balke maar bhi satkey hain kiyun ke bachon ke Silsiley me Ahem cheez un ki tarbiyat hai.

Tarbiyat ki gharz (maqsad) se bachchon ko maarney ka hukm hamein islam ne diya hai:

مُرُوا أَوْلاَدَكُمْ بِالصَّلاَةِ وَهُمْ أَبْنَاءُ سَبْعِ سِنِينَ وَاضْرِبُوهُمْ عَلَيْهَا وَهُمْ أَبْنَاءُ عَشْرِ سِنِينَ وَفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَهُمْ فِي الْمَضَاجِعِ​

Tarjuma: Jab tumhari Aulaad saat (7) saal ki umar ko pahonch jayen to unhein Namaz ka hukm do aur jab woh das (10) saal ke ho jayen to (Namaz me kotahi karney par) unhen saza do, aur bachchon ke soney me tafreeq kar do. [Sunan Abu Dawood: 495]

❗Allama Alabani (Rahimahullah) ne Sahih ul Jami’: 5868 me Sahih kaha hai.

Imam Shafa’ee Rahimahullah kehtey hain:
Bapon aur Maaon ki zimmedaari (responsibility) hai ke woh apni Auladon ko Adab sikhayen. taharat aur Namaz ki Taleem den aur bashaour (sentient) hone ke baad (kotahi ki surat me) un ki pitaayi karen. [Sharah us Sunnah: 2/407]

28. Darwaze par Baithna:

 

Darwaaza se logon ka aana jaana hota hai, is liye Adab ka taqaza hai ke darwaze pe na baithey, Nabi e Akram (ﷺ) ne hukm farmaya hai ke ‘Rastey ko haq do.’

Lekin agar apna ghar ho, logon ka aana jaana na ho tou phir apney ghar Ge darwazay pe bethnay me koi harj nahi hai. farishtey juma ke din Masjid ke darwazay pe khadey rehtey hain.

إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ كَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ باب مِنْ أَبْوَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ، يَكْتُبُونَ الأَوَّلَ فَالأَوَّلَ، فَإِذَا جَلَسَ الإِمَامُ طَوَوُا الصُّحُفَ وَجَاءُوا يَسْتَمِعُونَ الذِّكْرَ ‏​

Tarjuma: Nabi e Akram (ﷺ) ney farmaya: Jab juma ka din hota hai to Farishtey Masjid ke har darwaze par kharey ho jatey hain, pehley aane wale ka naam pehle, us ke baad aaney wale ka naam us ke baad likhte hain (isi tarah aane walon ke naam unke aane ki tarteeb se likhtey rehte hain). jab Imam khutba deney ke liye (mimber) par baith jata hai to farishte apney register (jin me aaney walon ke naam likhey gaye hain) ko lapait detey hain aur khutba sunney me mashghool ho jatey hain.

[Sahih Muslim: 850 And Sahih Bukhari: 3211]

Darwazay par farsh bichaaney se mutalliq Hazrat Anas (RaziAllahu anhu) se marwi riwayat zaeef hai:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ قَالَ: “نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – أَنْ يُفْرَشَ عَلَى بَابِ الْبُيُوتِ، وَقَالَ: نَكِّبُوهُ عَنِ الْبَابِ شيئًا
إتحاف الخيرة المهرة بزوائد المسانيد العشر​

is ki sanad me Musa bin Mohammad bin Ibrahim at-taimi Zaeef ravi hai, is liye yeh Hadees na Qabil e Aitbaar hai.

29. Lehsun (Allium) Piyaaz (Onion) ke Chilkey (Peels) Jalana:

Yeh baat bhi Shia se manqool hai, un ki kitab “Jami’ al Akhbaar” me mazkoor hai jisey baaz (kuch) Soofiyon ne apni Kitaab me Zikr kar diya aur logon me mashhoor ho gayi. is baat ko turkistan ke hanfi Aalim burhanuddeen zarnoji ne apni Kitaab “تَعْلِیْمُ الْمُتَعَلِّمِ طَرِیْقُ التَّعَلِّم” me Zikr kiya magar Islam me is baat ki koi haqeeqat nahi hai.

30. Faqeer se Rooti ya phir aur koi cheez khareedna:

Yeh baat bhi Shia ki kitaab “Jami’ al Akhbaar” me maujood hai. Faqeer to khud hi mohtaaj hota hai woh kiyun kisi se kuch becheyga aur agar us ke paas koi Qeemti samaan hai to usey baich sakta hai. faqeer se kuch khareedna ghareebi ka sabab ho tou koi Faqeer maldaar nahi ho sakta aur faqeer se khareedney wala koi maldaar nahi reh sakta. Aqal o Naqal dono aitbaar se yeh jhooti baat hai.

31. Phoonk se Chairag Bujhana:

Yeh baat Shia kitaab “Jami’ al Akhbaar” se manqool hai jo humarey liye Hujjat nahi hai. chairag to phoonk se hi bujhaaya jata hai, koi dusrey tareeqey se bujhaye is me bhi koi harj nahi lekin phoonk se chirag bujhane se Gareebi aati hai yeh Sahih nahi hai.

32. Bismillah Parhey Baghair Khana:

Khana khatey waqt Bismillah kehna wajib hai:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ إِذَا أَكَلَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَذْكُرْ اسْمَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فَإِنْ نَسِيَ أَنْ يَذْكُرَ اسْمَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فِي أَوَّلِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ أَوَّلَهُ وَآخِرَهُ​

Tarjuma: Aisha (RaziAllahu Anha) se riwayet hai ke RasoolAllah (ﷺ) ne farmaya: ‘Jab tum me se koi khana khaye to Allah ka naam le, aur agar Allah Ta’ala ka naam lena shuru me bhool jaye tou kahe:

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ أَوَّلَهُ وَآخِرَهُ​

[Abu Dawood: 3767]

Waqaee Bismillah ke baghair khana khana nuqsan o khasarey (ghaatey) ka baees (reason) hai, us ke khaney me Shaitan shaamil ho jata hai is liye yeh kaha jaa sakta hai ke Allah ke Zikr ke baghir mustaqil khana khaney se woh khaney ki nemat Nur us ki barqat se mahroom ho jayega lekin agar bhool se aisa ho jaye to Allah Ta’ala ne bhool chook ko muaf kar diya hai.

33. Galat Qasam Khana:

Islam me Jhooti Qasam khana Gunah e Kabeerah hai Nabi (ﷺ) ka farmaan hai:

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ‏ الْكَبَائِرُ الإِشْرَاكُ بِاللَّهِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْنِ أَوْ قَالَ ‏الْيَمِينُ الْغَمُوسُ ‏​

Tarjuma: Abdullah bin Amr (RaziAllahu Anhuma) se riwayat hai ki Nabi (ﷺ) ne farmaya:
Kabeerah Gunah yeh hain: Allah ke saath kisi ko Shareek karna, Walidain ki nafarmani karna ya farmaya ki Nahaq doosrey ka maal lene ke liye jhooti Qasam khana. [Sahih Bukhari: 6870]

Aisey logon ke liye dardnaak azaab hai, is liye ek Musalman ko Qata’ee taur par jhooti qasam nahi khani chahiye. agar kisi ne Sabiqa (pichle) kisi muamley par amadan (jaan boojh kar) jhooti qasam khayi hai to sachchi tauba karey.

Agar jhooti qasam ke zariye kisi ka Haq mara ho to us ko uska haq wapas karey aur agar aindah kisi kaam ke na karney par Qasam khayi aur woh kaam kar liya to Qasam ka Kaffara ada karey. is ka kaffara dus(10) Miskeeno ko ausat (darmiyaani) darjey ka khana khilana hai jo apney ghar walon ko khilate hon ya isi tarah un miskeeno ko kapdey dena hai ya ek gardan yani ghulam ya bandi ko aazad karna hai. jisay yeh sab kuch na miley to woh teen din Roza rakhey.

34. Joota Chappal Ulta Dekh kar Seedha nahi karna:

Islami aitbaar se is baat ki koi haqeeqat nahi hai. Nabi (ﷺ) ke zamaney me bhi joota tha magar aap se, Sahaba e Kiraam se ya chaaron imam se is Qism ki koi baat manqool nahi hai.

Ibn e Aqeel hambli ne kitaab “al-funoon” me likha hai:

والویل لمن رأوه أكب رغیفا على وجهه،أو ترك نعله مقلوبة ظهرها إلى السماء۔

(الآداب الشرعیة1 /268-269)​

Tarjuma: Barbadi hai us ke liye jis ne ulti hue rooti dekhi ya palta huwa joota jis ki peeth aasman ki taraf ho usey chorh diya.

[Al-Aadaab As-Shar’iyyah: 1/268-269]

Is kalaam me bohat sakhti hai, Quran o Hadees ki roshni me is kalaam ki koi haisiyat nahi rehti. Nabi (ﷺ) jootey (chappal) me namaz parhtey they:

سَعِيدُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ الأَزْدِيُّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ أَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي فِي نَعْلَيْهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ​

Tarjuma: Saeed bin Yazeed al-azadi kehtey hain ki mainey Anas bin Malik (RaziAllahu anhu) se poocha ki kya Nabi (ﷺ) apney jooton me Namaz padhtey they? unhon ne kaha: haan.

[Sahih Bukhari: 386 and 5850]

Zahir si baat hai jootay me Namaz padhtey hue joota palteyga. is liye ultay jootay ke mutalliq mazkoorah baala (upar zikr ki hue) baatein karna theek nahi hai albatta yeh keh satkey hain ke chunkay jootey ke nichaley hissay me gandagi lagi hoti hai is wajah se ultay jootey ko palat diya jaye taakey log us se ghinn na mehsoos karen.

35. Halaat e Janabat me Hajamat karna:

Haalat e Janabat me Mard o Aurat ke liye mehez (sirf) chand (kuch) cheezein mana hain, un me Namaz, Tawaf, Masjid me Qiyam aur Quran ki tilawat waghera hain. baqiya doosrey kaam junubi anjaam dey sakta hai. Haalat e Janabat me hajamat ko Faqeeri aur Gareebi ka sabab batlana ghair islami nazariya hai.

36. Makdi ka Jala Ghar me rakhna:

Yeh baat bhi baatil or mardood hai. is baat ki nisbat hazrat ali radhiallahu anhu ki taraf ki jati hai:

طهّروا بیوتكم من نسیج العنكبوت ، فإنّ تركه فی البیوت یورث الفقر​

Tarjuma: Gharon ko makdi ke jaalon se saaf rakha karo kyunkey Makdi ke jaalon ka Ghar me hona iflaas (Gareebi) ka Baais (Sabab) hai.

Yeh baat “Tafseer e Sa’labi” aur “Tafseer e Qurtubi” ke hawaley se bayan ki jaati hai magar us ki sanad me “Abdullah bin Memoon Al-Qaddah” matrook muttaham bil-kazib rawi hai.

[Tehzeeb-ut-Tehzeeb: 6/44, 45]

37. Raat ko Jharoo Lagana:

Raat ho ya din kisi bhi waqt jharoo laga saktey hain, is ki mumaniyat ki koi daleel nahi hai, na hi is kaam se Masiyat (Nafarmani) hoti hai. is liye raat ko jhadoo dena tangdasti ka sabab batlana twahhum parasti aur Zeaf aiteqaadi hai. Musalmanoon me Barelwi tabqa is tawahhum ka shikaar hai. Allah Ta’ala inhein hidaayat de.

38. Andhere me Khana:

Waisey Ujalay me khaye tou achha hai magar kisi ko ujaala na mil sakey to Andherey me khaney me koi harj nahi hai. Surah hashr me ek Ansari Sahabi ka Zikr hai jinhon ne apney mehman Nabi (ﷺ) ko Andherey me mehmani karai bawajood ye ke chairag maujood tha magar unhon ne Biwi ko chairag bujhanay ke liye kaha taakey andheray me Mehman shikam sair ho kar (pait bhar kar) khaye aur maizban bhooka rahey. is manzar ko Allah ne bayan kartey hue farmaya:

وَيُؤْثِرُونَ عَلَىٰ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كَانَ بِهِمْ خَصَاصَةٌ​

Tarjuma: Woh apne upar dusron ko tarjeeh detey hain go khud ko kitni hi sakht haajat ho.

[Surah Al-Hashr 59: 9]

39. Ghadey me Munh Laga kar Peena:

Pani ka koi bhi bartan ho agar munh laga kar peena Aasaan ho, us ka hajam (volume, size) bada na ya us ka dahana (munh) kushadah na ho jis se munh me miqdaar se ziyada pani jaaney ka khatra na ho to bartan se munh laga kar piya jaa sakta hai. Muttafaq Alaih (means Bukhari aur Muslim ki) ek riwayet me mashkezey se munh laga kar pani peenay ki mumaniyat hai:

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: نَهَى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنِ الشُّرْبِ مِنْ فِي السِّقَاءِ​

Tarjuma: Hazrat Ibn e Abbas (RaziAllahu anhuma) ne bayan kiya ki Nabi (ﷺ) ne mashkezey ke munh se paani peene ko mana kiya tha.

[Sahih Bukhari: 5629]

Is ke alawah ek doosri Hadees hai jis se sabit ho raha hai ki Nabi (ﷺ) ne mashkezey mein munh laga kar paani piya hai:

عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَمْرَةَ، عَنْ جَدَّتِهِ، كَبْشَةَ قَالَتْ دَخَلَ عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَشَرِبَ مِنْ فِي قِرْبَةٍ مُعَلَّقَةٍ قَائِمًا فَقُمْتُ إِلَى فِيهَا فَقَطَعْتُهُ​

Tarjuma: Kabshah (RaziAllahu Anha) kehti hain: RasoolAllah (ﷺ) mere Ghar tashreef laaye, Aap (ﷺ) ne khadey khadey latki hue mashkezah ke munh se paani piya, fir mein mashkezah ke muh ke paas gai us ko kaat liya.

[Tirmidhi: 1892]

Khulasa ke taur par yeh kehna chahoonga ke bartan chota ho to us mein munh laga kar paani piyen, bada ho to doosrey chootey bartan me undail kar piyen aur agar badey bartan se peeney ki zaroorat pad jaye tou is me koi harj nahi.

40. Quran Majeed na Padhna:

Quran padhnay aur amal karney ki kitaab hai jo us se doori ikhtiyar karta hai woh waqaee Allah ki Rehmat se door ho jata hai.

Nabi (ﷺ) ne Quran padhnay ka hukm diya hai is se imaan me ziyadti, ilm o amal me pukhtagi (mazbooti) aur zindagi ki tamam cheez me barkat aati hai. is liye Quran padhney ka mamool banayen aur samajh kar padhen. jo bina samjhey padhtey hain woh Quraan ke nuzool ke maqsad se bekhabar aur tilawat ke Adaab se na-waqif hain.

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shakilrain

masahallah. Allah tala aap ko duniya aur akhirat me Ajar de aameen